Practical Support Aids Addiction Recovery

The positive identity model of change

About the Course:

Background:
This course addresses the need for studies that can highlight principles of addiction recovery. Because social relationships are involved in all change processes, understanding how social motivations affect the recovery process is vital to guide support programs.

Methods:
The objective was to develop a model of recovery by examining addicted individuals’ social motivations through longitudinal assessment of non-professional support dyads. A qualitative, longitudinal study design was used, combining focus groups and in-depth interviews with addicted individuals and their sponsors. Data were analyzed using the principles of grounded theory: open coding and memos for conceptual labelling, axial coding for category building, and selective coding for theory building. The setting was an addiction recovery social support program in Oslo, Norway. The informants included nine adults affected by addiction, six sponsors, and the program coordinator. The participants were addicted to either alcohol (2), benzodiazepines (1), pain killers (1) or polydrug-use (5). The sponsors were unpaid, and had no history of addiction problems.

Journal/Publisher:

BMC Psychiatry

Publication Date:

July 31, 2013

Authors

Ayna B. Johansen; Håvar Brendryen; Farnad Darnell; Dag K. Wennesland

About the Authors:

Dr. Ayna Johansen is a researcher at Oslo University with research interests that include the establishment of principles of addiction recovery and in contributing to the knowledge in this field regarding the integration of principles of harm reduction and autonomy.

Dr. Håvar Brendryen is a Senior Researcher at The Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo. His main area of interest is internet and phone based behavior change programs, particularly, alcohol early interventions and smoking cessation interventions.

Dr. Farnad Darnell is a research consultant with the University of Oslo and adjunct Professor, Central Texas College.

Recommended For:

Addiction counselors, substance abuse group facilitators, and sponsors. In addition, those allied professionals engaged in research and practices regarding the way social relationships impact all change processes and, in particular, how social motivations affect and guide the recovery process in substance use support programs.

Course Objectives:

  1. To explain addiction recovery by examining social support dyads, and identifying factors that support positive long term change.

Exam Questions

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